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Jul 10, 2023

IR papers: Quiz edition – How well do you know IR?

Test your IR knowledge with our roundup of academic research about the profession
QUESTIONS 1. Decorative disclosure Walmart’s 2016 digital annual report included a visualization that uses shopping cart icons to depict sales. Relative to their less math-savvy peers, how did Walmart’s most numerate investors react to the latest – perhaps disappointing – sales numbers? a: More optimistically b: More pessimistically 2. Your boss must disclose material weaknesses in internal controls over financial reporting. Should she deliver the news using first-person pronouns,

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